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Best practises – Occupation Therapy for children with Special Needs

A child's earliest years are filled with new sensory stimulations and novel experiences that drives their cognitive, social, and physical growth. The first 3 years of life are a critical time for brain development, especially if a child is delayed or restricted in development.

The primary objective of occupational therapy for special children is to enable them to progress in their lives with less of physical dependency. Occupational therapy improves their participation and performance in daily activities such as self-care, navigation, school, play and others.


The first step is having a comprehensive assessment followed by Individualised Therapy Plan for the child which consists of the following:

  • Social Skills/Life Skills/Social Communication Skills Goals (Skill Area Goals)

  • Strategies to work and track the development on the above Goals/ Objectives

  • The therapy plan should address all areas in which a child needs therapy. All areas of projected need, such as gross motor, fine motor and oro-motor skills, functional skills, and related services, if required.

  • Align the goals with the child’s IEP (Individualized Education Plan) at school.

  • Set appropriate objectives, evaluation procedures and schedules for determining, annually, whether the child is achieving the short-term and long-term objectives set in the therapy plan.

  • The OT will give a term-end and year end progress report to determine how far the child has come and how far he needs to go.

References:

  1. https://www.naset.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Autism_Series/Examples_IEP_Goals_Objectives_for_ASD.pdf

  2. https://www.autism-society.org/living-with-autism/academic-success/individualized-education-plan-iep/


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